Toc Examples

Fiver Children’s Foundation (2013).
This is a very recent example of a theory of change developed by Fiver Children’s Foundation with ActKnowledge, which provide a key foundation for evaluation, communication, planning, organization and staff development.

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The Hunger Project (2011)
These are examples of the Theory of Change developed by the Hunger Project for its work in general and for its program in Africa.

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Building Community Schools: A Guide for Action (2011).
Prepared by the National Center for Community Schools, this is a comprehensive guide on building and sustaining community schools. It includes an appendix by Dr. Heléne Clark on Theory of Change basics for community schools.

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Sample Outcome for School Readiness
This is a sample of a Theory of Change map for a school readiness program.

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SNV TOC example 1 (in French)
“Logique d’intervention” and “Theorie de Changement”:
“We are moving on up!” A ToC diagram developed by SNV Mali enables decentralization process clarification and improves management in Education sector.

SNV Netherlands Development Organisation in Mali, West-Africa

Contact Francine, SNV Communications Officer, each time we use it at: “Obura, Francine” <fobura@snvworld.org>


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SNV TOC Example 2 (in French)
“Logique d’intervention” and “Theorie de Changement”:“We are moving on up!” A ToC diagram developed by SNV Mali enables decentralization process clarification and improves management in Education sector.

SNV Netherlands Development Organisation in Mali, West-Africa

Contact Francine, SNV Communications Officer, each time we use it at: “Obura, Francine” <fobura@snvworld.org>


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Russian Translation: Project “Superwoman” Theory of Change
The UK-based non-profit company Evolution and Philanthropy generously translated ActKnowledge’s Guided Example: Project “Superwoman” in to Russian, and asked us to share it with the Theory of Change community.E&P seeks to support international philanthropic initiatives, primarily in Russia, by promoting best practices to Russian organizations. They consider the original English language document “”Theory of Change – Guided Example: Project ‘Superwoman’” as an important document with the potential to improve the effectiveness and activities of Russian funders and non-profits.

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Project “Superwoman” Theory of Change (original English version)
This is a guided example of a Theory of Change exercise for a program called “Project Superwoman” that ActKnowledge created in partnership with the Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change.

ActKnowledge conducted the original evaluation on which this guided Theory of Change example is based.

Project Superwomen was a real program that started as a collaboration between a social service provider, a non-profit employment training center and a domestic violence shelter to help female abuse survivors to create long-term, livable wage employment opportunities for women who had been victims of domestic violence. The three organizations began their program with two basic assumptions (which are integral to their theory of change):

  1. Non-traditional jobs, such as electrical, plumbing, carpentry, building management provide better wages and more opportunities for upward mobility and are more likely to have unions. Therefore, job stability and good wages are more likely if women are trained in these areas.
  2. Women who have been through domestic abuse need more than job training to move to economic stability. They need to develop coping skills, workplace behaviors, and have child care available. They also need to be able to manage crises in their lives and such events as court appearances and dealing with the foster care system. If these aspects of their lives are not taken into account, any job training will not likely lead to permanent employment.

This guided example walks you through the steps and processes leading up to and incorporated in creating a Theory of Change.

Project Superwomen was a program. Theories of Change are often used for single programs like this, however, one strength of the Theory of Change approach is that it can be used for initiatives that may comprise many programs and partners. For the purposes of a tutorial to convey the basic processes and concepts of Theory of Change, this guided example focuses on just a single program.


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